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Pundit Yogendra Bhattacharya in his book "Hindu castes and sets" writes that Bhumihar Brahmin literally means
landholder. The Bhumihar Brahmins are evidently those Bhrahmins who held grants of land for secular services. Whoever held
a secular fief was Bhumihar. Where a Brahmin held such a tenure he was called a Bhumihar Brahmin.
Bhumihar Brahmins are sometimes simply called as Bhumihars. They perform all their religious ceremonies in
the same manner as other Brahmins, but as they also practice secular occupations like the Laukik Brahmans of Southern India,
they are not entitled to accept religious gifts or to minister to anyone as priest. The usual surnames/titles of the Bhumihar
Brahmins are same as those of other Brahmins of Northern India. Being a fighter by caste few of them have Rajputana surnames/titles.
|Bhumihar Brahmin & Orthodox Brahmin|
1. Bhumihar Brahmins are addicted to agriculture, a pursuit considered to be beneath the diginity of pure
or orthodox Brahmins.
2. They have accepted and adopted in their cheif families the secular title of Raja, Maharaja and
so forth distinctions which high brahmins eschew.
3. The Bhumihar Brahmin only perform one half of the prescribed Brahmanical
duties. They give alms, but do not receive them; they offer sacrifices to their idols, but do not perform the duties and offices
of the priesthood; they read the scared writings, but do not teach them.
In the year 331 B.C. Aristotle visited India and wrote that now the ideas about castes and professions, which
have been prevelant from a long time, are gradually dying out, and the Brahmins, neglecting their education.......... live
by cultivating the land and acquiring the territorial possessions, which is the duty of Kshatriyas." If things go on in the
way, then instead of being(Vidyapati) i.e master of learning, they will become(Bhumipati) i.e master of land."
In the year 399 A.D. Fahian came to India and he wrote "The Brahmins having given up asceticism...........
are ruling here and there in the place of Kshatriya and are called Sang he Kang ( land-seizer)."The land-sezier word indicate
Dr. Wilson in his book "Indian castes" part II page 134 has decribed The Mohiyal( synonym of Bhumihar Brahmin)
as mentioned below:
Saraswat Brahmins: Another class of the character refers to is that of the Moyals or movals. They are
extensively scatterd over the Punjab.
Taga(Tyagi) Brahmins of the Punjab are generally cultivators. They belong to the
Gauda division of the Brahmin-hood. They care little about religious rites of any kind..... They are found principally on
the banks of the Saraswati, near Thanser, some of the less pure agriculture Brahmin of these villages are called Taga of Gauda
Tagas. (Tyagi is the synonym for Bhumihar Brahmin)
Mr. Crook in his book "The Tribes and castes of UP and Oudh" part II, page 64 has written----
Bhumi and Kara(har) 'maker'): An important tribe and landowners and agriculturists in eastern districts. They are also known
as Babhan, Zamindar Brahmin, Grihastha Brahman or Pachchima or "Western Brahmin".
According to Sir Elliot's supplemental glossary, there are five divisions of the Kamkoobj Brahmins. They
are Kamkoobj proper, Sunadh, Surwaria, Jijhotia and Bhoinhar.
|Mr. William Oldham|
Mr. William Oldham in his book "NORTH WESTERN PROVINCES HISTORTICAL AND STATICAL MEMOIR" has categorically
mentioned that Bhoinhars, both by themselves and by ethnologists, are belived to be the descendants of Brahmins, who on becoming
cultivators and landholders gave up their priestly functions.
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